Polska Izba Lnu i Konopi
Polska Izba Lnu i Konopi
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Flax » History

The history of flax dates back to the Neolithic period around 7 500 BC. Initially flax fibres was probably used to sewing leather or as a string. Flax fabric in its sophisticated form, very thin, and transparent, had its beginning in ancient Egypt around 27th – 22nd century BC. It retains many of paintings and records of the flax production and its use by the ancient Egyptians. Produced varying quality linen , depending on the purpose. The softest and cleanest cloth were used for decoration of temples and on the clothing of priests and kings.

Around 1000 meters of soft flax fabric was used to mummified corpse of Pharaoh Tutenchamon at 1333 – 1323 BC. The tomb was discovered in 1922.

The famouse Turin Shroud is a piece of hand-wovern linen cloth with demensions: height 441 cm, width from 112.5 to 113 cm.

Over the centuries all kinds of flax fabrics production were envolved, but the progress came after discovering the new method of flax fabrics spinning – wet spinning  - in 19th century (wet spun yarn).